The researchers conducted an observational study to see if people taking certain supplements were less likely to test positive for COVID-19. Women taking multivitamins, omega-3 fatty acids, probiotics, or vitamin D were less likely to contract COVID-19, but similar results were not seen in men. More research is needed before specific recommendations are made about supplements and COVID-19 – including randomized controlled trials. In new research published in the journal BMJ Nutrition, Prevention and Health, researchers investigated whether people taking different supplements, including vitamin D and omega-3 fats, were less likely to test positive for SARS-CoV-2, the virus COVID. Causes -19.1Previous studies have shown that a healthy, balanced diet can support immunity. And when a diet is incomplete, dietary supplements can fill in a few gaps. Vitamins, minerals, and other dietary supplements play an important role in supporting immune function. Previous studies have shown that supplements such as vitamin D, zinc, bilberries, and probiotics can help reduce colds and/or flu. Given the history of studying dietary supplements and their effect on the virus, researchers were keen that any dietary supplement could reduce the risk of COVID-19 infection. And researchers are not the only ones who are curious about the supplement. Dietary supplement sales in the United States were up more than 50% in March 2020, compared to a year earlier. 3 In the single-week period ending on March 8, 2020, elderly supplements sales increased by 255%, and zinc supplements sales increased by 415%. Using an app-based community survey with 372,720 customers in the UK, researchers collected self-reported information on the regular use of dietary supplements. During the epidemic, users had to take supplements at least three times a week. The application recorded supplement use with a simple ‘yes’ or ‘no’ answer but did not collect details on the supplement’s dose. The app was used to track the results of people taking these supplements: Probiotics Omega-3 fats Multivitamins Vitamin D Vitamin C Zinc Garlic Researchers looked at how these supplements affect COVID-19 risk stratified by age, gender, and body mass index (BMI). What Did the Study Find?Out of 372,720 app users, 23,521 tested positive for COVID-19. A multivariate logistic adjusting for age, sex, BMI, and health status at sign-up was implemented so that researchers could examine the association between complement use and COVID-19 in this UK cohort. Among app users, about half were taking supplements. Researchers found that after adjusting for age, sex, BMI, and health status: Those taking probiotics were 14% less likely to test positive for COVID-19 infection. Those taking omega-3 fats were 12% less likely to test positive. Those taking multivitamins were 13% less likely to test positive. Those taking vitamin D were 9% less likely to test positive Reduce Covid-19 Risk
Our research is an observational study and not a clinical trial, so it is quite speculative, and we cannot make strong recommendations based on the data we have.
Researchers described these effects as minor but significant. And they did not see any difference with COVID-19 in those taking zinc, vitamin C, or garlic. So does that mean you need to buy and buy some supplements? Not yet.
Christina Meany, Ph.D., a lecturer at King’s College London, and explains, “Our research is an observational study and not a clinical trial, so it is fairly speculative, and we do not make strong recommendations based on the data we have Can.” Researchers in this study. “Our results support the need for randomized controlled trials of the identified complement.”
Lisa Young, Ph.D., RDN, CDN, Dietitian Nutritionist in Private Practice, Lisa Young, Ph.D., 19Risk, says, “I think this study is interesting because it is about some supplements and COVID-19 risks.” There is a connection between. ” Nutrition at NYU. “This may be helpful for future studies.”
Youth still recommend a food-first approach. “Following a nutritious diet is the first line of defense to maintain good health,” Young says. “I advise customers to consume nutrients from food.”
Differences in Females and Males
Interestingly, the protective effects of probiotics, omega-3 fats, multivitamins, and vitamin D were seen in those identified as women of their own, but those effects were not seen in those who were on their own. Were identified as. Researchers found that women taking probiotics, omega-3 fatty acids, multivitamins, and vitamin D were less likely to be infected in all age groups and BMI categories, but overall no protective association was observed among men.
In a small subset analysis, men younger than 40 years of age and men aged 40–60 who took multivitamins were less likely to be infected with COVID-19. So why did the supplement appear more effective in women? Wendell asked Menny, who explained, “This difference may be due to differences in the immune system between men and women.” Alternatively, this may be due to reporting bias, with one sex reporting more accurately their complementarity. “Reduce Covid-19 Risk
The study lists other possible causes including:
Women may have a more flexible immune system and more circulating B cells. Differences in body weight/composition between men and women, which may affect the supplement dose. Residual confusions due to differences in health behaviors for women and men (women may be more precautionary and health-conscious)
What Makes These Supplements Effective?
In research studies, investigators suggest reasons that dietary supplements may help reduce the risk of COVID-19. Vitamin D and COVID-19 have been well studied, and Maini says there is much more. “Randomized controlled trials are underway looking at the effects of vitamin D on the safety and severity of COVID-19,” says Maini.
The research paper states that “Vitamin D affects the function of antigen-presenting cells, T cells, and B cells,” which are important for immunity
Similarly, multivitamins may be beneficial because they provide an array of nutrients that have antioxidant properties and roles in supporting the immune system. Multivitamins are like an insurance policy when you have nutrients that are not available through diet alone. The research paper noted that “deficiencies in specific micronutrients, including zinc, selenium, vitamin A, vitamin D, and vitamin E, are harmful during viral infections.”
Following a nutritious diet is STILL the first line of defense for maintaining good health. I advise clients to get their intake of nutrients from food.”
Omega-3 fats are known to be anti-inflammatory, but researchers say “whether this is a mechanism by which they reduce the risk of testing positive for SARS-CoV-2.” More research is needed to delineate the interaction between omega-3 fats and COVID-19 risk. Probiotics play a role in the immune system and can alter the gut microbiota. Studies suggest that they may play a role in producing antiviral metabolites
Interpret with caution
Although you can certainly take any of these supplements (in safe doses as advised by your health care provider), this study is not sufficient to conclusively state that the supplement helped prevent COVID-19 Of. The study used self-reported data that could introduce errors, and it was not for how much each supplement was taken by app users.Reduce Covid-19 Risk
In addition, app users will also be taking supplements in addition to the seven that researchers asked about, and which were unaccounted for. Finally, strong information on other methods to reduce the risk of COVID-19 was not captured, including hand washing, social disturbances, and the use of masks. These reasons may be why some people did not receive COVID-19 instead of complementary use. More research is definitely required.