More signs that England’s Covid crisis may be slowing down emerged today as data revealed hospital admissions are no longer spiralling out of control.
In another boost for hopes of Freedom Day going ahead as planned, NHS statistics show the number of infected patients needing hospital care now stands at 183.7 per day, on average.
This was up by 20.6 per cent on the figure the week before, with admissions jumping because of the explosion in cases throughout June which was fuelled by the rampant spread of the Indian variant.
But the speed at which hospitalisations are rising has dropped considerably over the past week, with the week-on-week growth rate peaking at 48.7 per cent on June 14.
With data now also showing the speed of infections is slowing, experts are confident that England will be able to unlock fully on July 19.
Ministers are preparing to axe virtually all coronavirus curbs next month. Social distancing, face masks and work-from-home guidance are all expected to be ditched as England makes a dramatic push back towards normality.
A Cabinet source told the Mail there was now clear evidence vaccinations were working. ‘It’s all over, even if not everyone in Government has realised it yet,’ the insider said.
Even ‘Professor Lockdown’ Neil Ferguson today said the situation was ‘encouraging’, while another top scientist said the third wave felt more like a ‘bump’ and there was a ‘certain amount of coronamania going on’ and that reopening on July 5 was possible.
Meanwhile, other academics said they are ‘incredibly optimistic’ about the outbreak and ‘don’t see any real need’ to push back Freedom Day again, after the original date of June 21 was delayed by four weeks to ensure millions more adults were fully vaccinated.
However, it is understood there is almost no chance the date will be brought forward to July 5 despite immense pressure from Tory MPs.
The plan to reopen could put England on a significantly different course from Scotland, after Nicola Sturgeon yesterday delayed the latest phase of its loosening for another three weeks and suggested that mask-wearing is likely to continue into the autumn.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock, pictured leaving 10 Downing Street today, told Radio 4’s Today programme yesterday that the latest hospitalisation and death data was ‘encouraging’ and the country is ‘on track’ for easing restrictions on July 19
The seven-day average of patients admitted to hospital with Covid is rising and hit 183.7 on June 20. But the rate at which this number is increasing has dropped. The number of patients in hospital peaked at 34,336 in January at the peak of the second wave and was falling steadily until it reached 730 in May before beginning to rise as restrictions were eased and the Indian ‘Delta’ variant – which is thought to be 80 per cent more infectious than the Kent mutation – spread across the country
The number of people who have been moved onto a ventilator continues to rise. By June 22, 229 patients were using the machines to help them breathe. In January, the number of patients using ventilators hit 3,736, before dropping to 113.6 in May
Those aged over 85 have made up the highest proportion of hospital admissions, with 6,129.5 admitted per 100,000 This is followed by 65 to 84-year-olds, with 1,869.2 of them per 100,000 being admitted to the hospital since last March. Meanwhile, 3,005 children aged below five, 2,962 people between six and 17-years-old and 144,289 people aged between 18 and 64 have gone to hospital with the virus
Professor Neil Ferguson said the situation was ‘encouraging’, while Professor Brendan Wren said the third wave felt more like a ‘bump’ and there was a ‘certain amount of coronamania going on’
India declares ‘Nepal variant’ – or ‘Delta plus’ – to be of concern amid fears it may evade vaccines more than original strain… and it’s already been spotted in Britain
India has declared a ‘Delta plus’ Covid variant to be of concern, amid fears it may evade vaccines more than the original variety.
The mutant strain — sometimes known as AY.1, or the Nepal variant — has already spread to three states, despite attempts to suppress it.
Health chiefs in India who are assessing the country’s coronavirus crisis have now elevated it from being a variant of ‘interest’ to one of ‘concern’.
It carries the K417N mutation — also seen in the South Africa ‘Beta’ variant — which can help the virus dodge immunity from vaccines and natural infection.
The evolved virus — which has the same features of the original highly-transmissible Indian type — has been spotted in 52 times in the UK.
But experts have cast doubts on whether Delta plus should even be considered its own variant.
Professor Francois Balloux, head of University College London’s Genetics Institute, said the K417N had cropped up in several different lineages.
SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus behind Covid, is constantly evolving as it spreads, and most mutations it picks up tend to have little effect.
However, if it finds one that offers it a benefit — such as making it extra infectious or better equipped to dodge the immune system — it can crop up repeatedly.
Professor Balloux said none of the variants carrying the K417N have been particularly successful so far, other than the South Africa variant.
The current crop of vaccines in use are less effective against the ‘Beta’ variant, data has shown but AstraZeneca is developing a vaccine specifically designed to counter the strain which the UK is in negotiations for.
There is no proof Delta plus — spotted in five countries so far — poses any greater threat than the strain it evolved from.
Experts believe the original Indian variant is around 60 per cent more transmissible than the previously dominant Kent ‘Alpha’ strain.
It also makes people more likely to be hospitalised, according to Public Health England.
Vaccines are still effective against the variant but one dose is less so at blocking symptoms and severe illness.
Writing on social media today, Professor Balloux said the Nepal strain has only been sequenced 160 times across the world so far.
He said: ‘It’s not a proper “variant”. It’s the Delta B.1.617.2 strain carrying the K417N mutation in the spike protein.
‘There have been around 160 strains sequenced to date. The first was found on April 5, 2021, in India.
‘It has been found in several countries but at extremely low frequency, with the exception of Nepal where it has been estimated at around four per cent — but based on a tiny sample size of three in 70.
‘Delta plus represents 0.00002 per cent of all delta variants sequenced to date. There is no evidence the strain is currently expanding in any country.’
Professor Balloux added: ‘The K417N mutation has arisen independently in several viral lineages — at least twice in Delta.
‘It was observed on the March 27, 2020, in a strain found in Qatar.
‘K417N is generally present in the Beta variant. It seems to contribute to immune escape.
‘Its impact on transmissibility is not clear-cut. None of the lineages carrying it —bar Beta — have been particularly successful so far.’
Professor Able Lawrence, an immunologist at the Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences in Lucknow, said the the current data did not seem to indicate the variant was spreading.
But he warned the strain could pose a threat to India and other countries around the world.
Professor Lawrence told The Times: ‘There are too few cases to be able to say if it is more transmissible but it is showing the potential to evade vaccines so it has to be watched carefully.’
India’s Federal Health Secretary Rajesh Bhushan yesterday told a news conference the Delta plus variant has infected 16 people in the state of Maharashtra.
Some 28 cases have been found in total across Maharashtra, Kerala and and Madhya Pradesh.
The Indian ministry said Delta plus showed increased transmissibility and advised states to increase testing.
On Monday, India vaccinated a record 8.6million people as it began offering free shots to all adults but experts doubted it could maintain that pace.
Chandrakant Lahariya, an expert in public policy and health systems, said: ‘This is clearly not sustainable’.
‘With such one-day drives, many states have consumed most of their current vaccine stocks, which will affect the vaccination in days to follow.’
With the currently projected vaccine supply for the next few months, the maximum daily achievable rate is four to five million doses, Dr Lahariya added.
The effort has so far covered about 5.5 per cent of the 950million people eligible, even though India is the world’s largest vaccine producer.
A devastating second wave during April and May overwhelmed health services, killing hundreds of thousands. Images of funeral pyres blazing in car parks raised questions over the chaotic vaccine rollout.
Since May, vaccinations have averaged fewer than three million doses a day, far less than the 10million health officials say are crucial to protect the millions vulnerable to new surges.
Over the past 24 hours India reported 42,640 new infections, the lowest since March 23, and 1,167 deaths.
Infections now stand at 29.98million, with a death toll of 389,302, health ministry data showed.
Data shows two vaccines work against the Indian variant, which makes up almost 99 per cent of cases spotted across the country. But one dose is much less effective at blocking symptoms or preventing severe illness.
Britain yesterday recorded 11,625 positive tests — the highest daily toll since mid-February, with the Indian strain now dominant in almost every corner of the country.
Deaths also jumped to 27, almost triple the figure the week before, while hospitalisations crept up again. Both of the measures lag behind cases because of how long it can take for infected patients to fall seriously ill.
But the vaccine roll-out, which has now reached 43.15million adults and seen nearly 60 per cent of over-18s fully jabbed, has drastically cut the once-impenetrable link between cases and hospitalisations.
NHS bosses also say patients are younger, less ill and staying for shorter periods of time, with jabs already easing pressure on hospitals.
Hospitalisation data for England shows that the weekly average number of people being admitted with Covid dropped to 74.4 on May 17, but this number has been rising since then.
Coronavirus admissions each day between June 14 and June 20 varied between 171 and 202. This is up from the 131 to 187 daily admissions from June 7 to June 13.
But promisingly, the rate at which hospitalisations is increasing is slowing.
The number of hospital admissions on June 13 was 48.06 per cent higher than the week before, while on June 20 it was just 20.64 per cent higher than one week earlier.
Figures also show that 1,301 people were in hospital on June 22. At the height of the second wave in January, this number reached 34,336.
The number of people who have been moved onto a ventilator is also rising. By June 22, 229 patients were using the machines to help them breathe. In January, the number of patients using ventilators hit 3,736.
Professor Paul Hunter, an infectious disease expert at the University of East Anglia, told MailOnline: ‘I am incredibly optimistic and I personally do not see any real need for any further extensions to lockdown.’
He said he would not argue for bringing Freedom Day forward to July 5 — like some Tory MPs have called for — ‘but would not lose any sleep if that happened’.
‘Hospitalisations are going up but not anywhere near as quickly as wave two’, Professor Hunted added. He also said the data showed they ‘seem to have slowed’.
‘The other thing to note is that those who do go into hospital seem to be staying somewhat shorter,’ Professor Hunter said.
‘If we manage the autumn booster campaign well then we should have very few hospitalisations for that, but all sorts of things can happen to that balance. But we are getting to the point that this will be part of our history, rather than our present.’
Meanwhile, Professor Ferguson told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme the overall picture is ‘encouraging’, with all the data streams pointing the same way.
‘We are seeing as we expected rises in case numbers across the country, but they have slowed slightly compared with a couple of weeks ago,’ the Imperial College London expert added.
‘And we’re seeing rises in hospitalisations and indeed in deaths but again they’re at a much lower level compared with cases than they were previously, demonstrating the high effectiveness of vaccines at protecting people particularly against severe illness.’
Professor Ferguson — who warned the third wave will unfold over the next couple of months — claimed ‘it is clear’ that having two doses of vaccine offers a high level of protection.
Professor Brendan Wren, a vaccinologist at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, said the nation is in a third wave but ‘it’s more like a bump’.
He told Sky News: ‘We are in a third wave but it’s not as bad, it’s more like a bump rather than a huge increase. We have a different population to what we had in the first or second wave so we shouldn’t be so fearful.
‘My concern is the psychological damage it’s doing to many people who hear these scary variant stories that they’re frightened to go outdoors. And I think we need a positive message now and a simple message that if we open up sooner then there’d be less confusion about what to do.’
But he said that it was likely there would be more variants, ‘we’ll be up to an Omega variant, it’s just nature taking its course’.
He said that mitigations such as masks and distancing should be voluntary, adding: ‘I’m a bit sceptical about masks – they don’t act as a physical barrier to the tiny, tiny viral particles.
‘And if people do handle masks I would urge them where possible not to reuse them, and sanitise hands after use, because a lot of people are overusing them and with their hands they are potentially transmitting the virus. Personally I think masks are of dubious value.’
Professor Wren also said there was ‘a certain amount of coronamania going on’ as he accused the Government of being a bit ‘overcautious’.
Asked if it would be possible for the end of social restrictions to occur sooner than July 19, he said: ‘I think it could be possible.
‘I think the Government has been a bit overcautious, there’s a certain amount of coronamania going on and we do need to take a wider view of society as a whole, and a wider view of the fact that excess deaths for the past few months are less than in previous years because, for example, many other infectious diseases are far lower now.’
He added: ‘We’re approaching the summer months now, we know from scientific work that the virus, and its variants, are less transmissible during heat and longer daylight hours.
‘And we are in a stronger position, certainly in terms of not just vaccination, but in terms of testing and tracing and treating the virus, so that’s partly why I believe that we could open up sooner.’
Dr Michael Head, a senior research fellow in global health at the University of Southampton, told MailOnline: ‘Thanks to the huge public enthusiasm for the vaccine rollout, the pool of susceptible people who may become ill from Covid is now much smaller.
‘The case and hospitalisation numbers are still on the rise, but hopefully the rate of growth is slowing and we can reach the peak of those graphs soon.
Double-jabbed Brits could go to ‘amber list’ countries quarantine-free from July 19… but who will let us in? Holidaymakers face tough rules in US, Italy and Germany even if minister ease curbs – amid signs Malta and Ibiza might go ‘green’ tomorrow
Fully vaccinated Britons could enjoy quarantine-free holidays from as early as July 19 as ministers scramble to save the summer season – but will still face tough entry restrictions in many countries.
Boris Johnson is under huge pressure from senior ministers to sign off a ‘big bang’ reopening on so-called ‘Freedom Day’ with travel curbs eased at the same time as restrictions are lifted at home.
Formal advice against trips to ‘amber list’ countries would be dropped for those who have been double-jabbed under the plans – opening up summer breaks in Spain, France, Italy, Greece and the United States.
Children would also be able to avoid quarantine if travelling with their parents.
Meanwhile, Malta and Spain’s Balearic Islands are on track to be added to the ‘green list’ tomorrow, offering more options for people desperate for some sunshine.
However, those taking advantage of the loosening still face tough restrictions on entry to major destinations. The US has a complete travel ban in place on Britons, while Italy requires five-day self-isolation on arrival. Germany only accepts people for ‘humanitarian reasons’ and has mandatory 14-day quarantine for arrivals.
Tomorrow’s ministerial meeting on foreign travel is expected to be followed by a further session on Monday. Ministers are expected to sign off the plans to allow the double jabbed to travel to amber list countries without the need for quarantine on return.
Downing Street is targeting August for the change. But ministers including Transport Secretary Grant Shapps and Chancellor Rishi Sunak are pushing for curbs on international travel to be lifted from July 19. This would allow families and the battered travel sector to make the most of the summer.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock is said to be ‘sympathetic’ to the move because of the effectiveness of Covid jabs and yesterday he confirmed that ministers were ‘working on’ plans for quarantine-free travel.
However the Prime Minister and Cabinet Office minister Michael Gove are said still to be cautious.
The World Travel & Tourism Council wrote to Mr Johnson yesterday to say that maintaining restrictions on the sector through July would cost the UK £639million a day.
‘An early return to the government’s roadmap is unwise, but there remains a possibility that it may be reasonable to progress later in July.
‘There will still be concerns in the months ahead, as people return from abroad after summer holidays and the scenarios we may face in the winter. While most of the world remains unvaccinated, the UK cannot be complacent.’
But David Nabarro, a special envoy on Covid-19 for the World Health Organisation, suggested mask wearing and keeping apart would still be needed in areas of high infection.
Dr Nabarro told Sky News there was a need to ‘maintain defences against the virus to stop it welling up more and more, and that’s going to be the life to come, at least until there’s enough vaccine, and enough certainty, to be sure that vaccination will protect us. Right now we can’t say that.’
Dr Nabarro said that due to variants ‘as well as using vaccine as part of our defence, we’re going to have to continue by keeping a bit of a distance from each other and then I’m going to suggest that the physical distancing part of one metre plus and mask wearing will be necessary, particularly in places where there’s a lot of virus. We can’t just simply ignore that.’
On workplaces, he said: ‘There will be a need for every single workplace to be asking, ‘is it right that we stop wearing masks and stop maintaining distance?’
Covid advisor to the British Medical Association, Dr David Strain, said: ‘It is promising that the rate of hospitalisation is not rising at the same rate as the number of new cases in the community, as this demonstrates that the vaccine is effective in its primary role of preventing severe illness and ultimately death.’
He said current ONS estimates are that one in 9 people are being left with long COVID, with 869,000 remaining unwell for more than 3 months — 650,000 of whom have their day to day activities significantly affected and 376,000 for more than a year.
Dr Strain said: ‘Long Covid is not directly proportionate to the severity of the initial infection, and although vaccination does appear to reduce the risk of getting it, does not ameliorate the risk completely.
‘With two thirds of a million people potentially unable to contribute to restoring the economy, the risk of long Covid from relatively “minor” non hospitalised cases will be a consideration.’
‘Within the first and second wave, it was apparent that recent infection with Covid adversely affected outcomes from other conditions, for example complications after otherwise routine surgery were much higher.
‘Again this was unrelated to severity of initial condition therefore will need to be considered as we create a roadmap to catch up with the backlog of NHS work that has built up whilst all resources were Covid facing.’
Additionally, the higher the amount of Covid in the community, the higher the risk of new variants occurring that could be vaccine resistant, more transmissible or more deadly, Dr Strain said.
‘This will be a particular concern when the government are considering restarting international travel, remembering that one of the reasons the UK was hit so bad in the first wave has been attributed to [more than] 1,300 separate seeding points in February 2020,’ he added.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock told Radio 4’s Today programme yesterday that the latest hospitalisation and death data was ‘encouraging’ and the country is ‘on track’ for easing restrictions on July 19.
He said: ‘We are seeing that the growth in case rates is slowing. Thankfully, the number of hospitalisations, whilst rising, is not rising very quickly. And thankfully even more, the number of people dying from Covid remains very very low.’
Chancellor Rishi Sunak said it was his ‘hope and expectation’ that restrictions would be eased next month.
But former Cabinet minister Liam Fox said the new target for scrapping Covid restrictions should be July 5, due to low hospitalisation and death data.
Boris Johnson delayed Freedom Day from June 21 to July 19 amid concerns about cases of the Indian variant in the UK.
He insisted that the extra four weeks was needed to buy time to get more people double-jabbed before the final set of restrictions are lifted.
Other promising data yesterday revealed the country has moved one step closer to herd immunity, with nearly nine in 10 adults now having antibodies against Covid.
The major Office for National Statistics (ONS) blood testing survey highlighted the success of the UK’s mammoth vaccination campaign, which is now open to every adult in all four home nations. Almost 60 per cent of over-18s (31.5million) are now fully jabbed.
Data published by the Office for National Statistics yesterday shows that at least 95 per cent of over 60s in England had Covid antibodies by June 7, either from vaccination or because they have previously had the virus. The data also shows that 55.9 per cent of those aged 16 to 24 have coronavirus antibodies, most of whom will not have yet had the vaccine